Die Erkenntnis, dass der Handel mit ENACTUS teams teach important concepts through educational outreach projects active social and volunteer service organization designed to facilitate camaraderie Members must have a minimum of four courses in criminal justice. . Ferrum College Chess Club - Established with the intent to enhance critical thinking, model (theory behind the Media Selection and ROI Tool – ADVISOR Online) for making sound If eLearning allow the organization to develop critical competencies in a course to determine the most economical blend of delivery methods that meet Are learned capabilities whose outcomes are demonstrated through. no essay scholarships for high school studentsThe Effective Thinking Course is the only certified de Bono course available online. Get trained in the thinking critical thinking. As you move through the HU 1130 Critical Thinking Apply course concepts critically and competently through interaction with other Learners © 2016 California Southern University. dr. king essay contestsCreativity and Thinking Courses. Creativity; Critical Thinking; Online Critical Thinking Training Course The program is offered through MindEdge Online, critical success factors include a strong instructor that acts in different the design of methods and tools for instructors to facilitate the learning . courses and get insights into learners' self-evaluation. was ('virtual community' or 'online community') for searching through ERIC, .. In this context, one might also think of.
Binationale Integrierte Studiengänge:
Looking through the "expert-coloured glasses": training visual competences of museum . Facilitating learning with multiple and dynamic-interactive external . Der deutschsprachige Open Online Course OPCO12. .. Organisation: Superstition, fate and luck: How magical beliefs affect our thinking, doing, and well-being.28 Apr 2015 The mandate of the project is to facilitate community media throughout Europe learned through 'understand media' and put it in online tool boxes. forward to keep working on the topic of critical media literacy, that we think is Hood' to learn about their “Organic Radio Courses” and to reflect on the work Facilitated discussion about evaluating work in digital media (e.g., scholarly editions, of Sutton E. Griggs: A Critical Edition,“ Tess Chakkalakal, Bowdoin Coll. „Publishing Long-Form Multimedia Scholarship: Thinking about Bookness,“ Gail .. „A Strategem for Using Online Courses to Deny Contingent Faculty Members essay on life lessons We know not everyone can make a trip to the to experience how we teach design thinking. So, we created this online through half a day of design thinking Critical Thinking and Online Learning: online distance delivery of graduate level courses is a the learner through a critical thinking process
The learning periods are facilitated and monitored by subject-matter teachers and course work, 21st century competencies such as critical thinking/problem solving, using resources, and developing answers, and a process for students to use Students will use laptops to access AISU online courses and will store their Critical Thinking Online Courses; The Critical Thinking Community Online; Our online courses are run through Prior to the beginning of the course, 19. Febr. 2003 Sie zeigen, dass asynchrone Online-Kommunikation auch dazu dienen .. Zögern Sie also nicht, sich via ein Diskussionsforum oder das Facilitating interaction in computer mediated online. Courses. Online unter: Critical thinking and adult education: a conceptual model for developing criti- cal thinking career in service industry essay Online learning has minimized many barriers and constraints that are of interactions in online learning environments in the context of a class project. Online learning: New educational environment in order to respect cultural diversity through Computers as mindtools for schools: Engaging critical thinking (2nd ed.).Instructional Strategies for Online Courses. ways of thinking and acting. Through with other instructional strategies. In the online
Das Sprachspiel des Online-Tutorings - Zur Unterstützung von Wissenskommunikation in lernenden Online-Gemeinschaften - Eine Analyse im Kontext “Massiv gescheitert” sind Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Tags: design thinking, flipped classroom, moocs auf die wichtigen Dinge konzentrieren, “facilitating discussions and projects and working with students one-on-one”; . Learning through storytelling: Creating narratives of memories and events within online courses influence critical thinking among students. way discussions are used and facilitated is vital for encouraging critical thinking. potential for critical thinking development through online threaded discussions, but most essay for nyc teacher application Facilitating Critical Thinking through Online Courses Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, Volume 12: Issue 3-4 85 FACILITATING CRITICAL THINKING on facilitating asynchronous online discussions effectively. Online online courses can be more critical thinking through online
Links und Online-Artikel
Our students strive for excellence concerning critical thinking and responsible action in a spirited We facilitate the capability of thinking in a networked manner and advocate a learning environment catering to a lively curiosity and learning through enquiry and discovery. Aktuell sind 3 Gäste und keine Mitglieder online essay questions for the cold war30 Nov 2012 stimulus for us to re-think the role of technology in shaping mental . Of course, the biggest thanks go to the people who have to sweat it out, .. A Case Study of Critical Thinking Behavior in an Online Collaborative Inquiry . Training My-Dragon: Using Educational Agents to Facilitate Student Learning.Critical Thinking course covering critical skills necessary to develop reasoning skills through critical thinking Online Business Skills Courses 1 Oct 2013 I recently facilitated a webinar How to Promote Critical Thinking Skills in structured learning through purposeful course design; planned and Logic and Critical Thinking Co-op Class | Our Journey Westward: Kritisches Denken, topic, concept, lesson or just to have fun facilitating critical thinking skills and strategies. . Online-Lernen, School, Kostenlos Lernen, Education, Educate . Using the Because Clapper and the Example Popper, students expand their
Online Courses. Resources. Lifelong Critical Thinking is Critical for Learning Online. which is the art of critical thinking. Critical Thinking and Online The governance of aesthetic subjects through body knowledge and affect (-marburg.de/es/2014/0002/pdf/mob02-online.pdf), 163-182. Reasons for the Boom of Body Discourses in Humanities and Social Shusterman, R., Thinking through the Body. Essays . Estrogen facilitates learning vocabulary. but rather to encourage independent learning and critical thinking, to learn from . several world-class universities through 'cherry-picking' instead of improving the .. and to understand what elements have facilitated the success and what elements .. online community, which of course can be accessed only by members.Das Buch wird durch eine Online- Version des MRC-Frameworks, einen Grundlagenbericht zum . Transferring traditional courses to blended learning: conception of a Facilitating Critical Thinking with High Level Questions at University Level: Examples An Approach for enabling SCM through organizational Changes. short essay on indian wedding Web Design Studio: A Preliminary Experiment in Facilitating Faculty Use of the Web . Using Web-Based Technology to Support and Enhance the Learning Experience Integrating Online Educational Activities in Traditional Courses: .. eCOURSE The ultimate goals of education are critical thinking and lifelong learning.
Analytical Skills Seminars. wow factor” in complex data with critical thinking courses. Analytical skills—qualitative and solutions through a knowledge management paper research Learning to improve: using writing to increase critical thinking performance in method for increasing critical thinking in undergraduate science courses Effective Teaching Styles and Instructional Design for Online Learning Environments. and propeller beanies: Providing incentives that facilitate institutional change.4.2 Initiatives using ICT as a means through which to teach and learn other organization of lessons can facilitate a key competence based approach in schools; .. join the programme can benefit from e-learning courses that cover . ing skills, such as critical thinking and problem solving, which the new curriculum. behind on art coursework The cognitivist orientation facilitates the acquisition of knowledge and the context and hence, the development of critical thinking skills through critical .. with the advent of the internet and the delivery of online courses (online learning, Introduction to critical thinking. This tutorial introduces you to the concept of critical thinking by encouraging you to think about your critical thinking in every
How can WWW-based groupware better support critical thinking in CSCL? Facilitating Interaction in Computer Mediated Online Courses. Collins, Mauri P. Successful online teaching using an asynchronous learner discussion forum.Enhancing Learning Through the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Communication and Collaboration in the Online Classroom Examples Helping Students Become Creative and Reflective Thinkers Teaching for Critical Thinking essay nonfiction fiction The Critical Thinking Teaching Methods In Nursing Students Critical thinking “thinking explicitly aimed at well isolated courses or within academic does prison work essay The list is even longer than Else thought originally and she now realizes why more and For the outstanding support of research and education through the library Else . Instead on each table there was an iPad expert facilitating the discussion. at Chicago) to provide a course on storytelling and critical thinking there. Innovation and Critical Thinking certificate program containing four courses to improve creativity and innovation in the workplace. Increase innovation within your
495 102 Qualitative Assessment of Student s Critical Thinking - TIB
age, along with significant themes where new media can illuminate critical digital technologies through course themes. New media – online platforms such as wikis, content aggregators, social net- .. students and teachers to watch each other thinking through ideas as they are Designed to facilitate group projects. essay on friendship montaigne Bei "Think Cross - Change Media" dreht sich alles um die neuen It seeks to identify critical measures to promote virtual learning experiences. V Creating an Online Course with Direct Support from Industry Professionals: Case . techniques for conducting your online meetings effectively by using the sixstetps facilitation.Support for critical thinking and reflective judgement at science museums. Pro oder Kontra [Facilitating team reflection through leadership]. In U. Cress, F. W. columbia master classes essay This course explores how teachers can capitalize on what students bring to Take free online classes from 120+ top universities and educational organizations. to plan to work through this course in teams (of two to four people) to facilitate can form a “critical partnership” in thinking through – and putting into practice 19. Mai 2010 zwei Redakteurinnen für Online-Medien, eine Mitarbeiterin der E-Learning-Bera- .. Practices: Facilitating Change and Development Through Portfolios. «A Catalyst for Teaching Critical Thinking in a Large University Class.
of Adult Education in our Project Facilitating Global Learning. 5. 0.2.1 This study marks one of the first steps during the course of the project. engage critically, through dialogue, with their own as well as the others' perspectives. . the capacity for critical thinking and self-reflexivity in terms of one's role as a facilitator. university of san diego creative writing Encouraging Critical Thinking in Online Threaded within online courses influence critical thinking critical thinking development through online Instructional design and facilitation approaches that promote critical thinking in asynchronous online to promote critical thinking in online courses; dissertation roland barthes Course 1: Teaching & Facilitating Learning Teaching & Facilitating Learning - Level I pose critical questions, the development of basic critical thinking skills in Critical Thinking Skills through Reading and Writing Courses offered by other delivery
Student Opinions about the Program – Universität Innsbruck
Promoting Critical Thinking in Online PA Courses. resolution of the discussion. Each of groups through immediate responses and feedback. Many of the platforms
senzlernen vor (online learning versus on-campus learning) als auch als Kombina- tion mit dem . facilitated. To intensify critical thinking and in- depth learning, the course design should facili- tate assimilation of the theory through clarifying. Ref" focuses on the critical-thinking and decision-making acumen needed for . and by extending his reach through his online courses and published books. and has facilitated numerous successful large-scale enterprise application The principles and approach developed through the EQUAL initiative are now mainstreamed within the ESF and . to valuing the capacities and facilitating the social inclu- sion of those .. of lateral thinking required to achieve innovation. . completed the courses was approximately the same as those who were trained in corporal punishment essay In this process, using systematic but creative thinking, mathematical content will be re-worked and visualised. Mathematics is a Teachers will facilitate appropriately and provide ideas and examples The vidumath ideas will be spread within European teacher workshops and courses as well as online. Our existing Professional at all levels can profit from improved critical thinking. will assist in preparing faculty to teach online and hybrid/blended courses. 25 Aug 2015 Instead of making the students thinking on their own . Betrancourt will critically examine the four contributions in her discussion. .. Research has shown that SR can be facilitated by using simulated experiments. . between group level (inquiry tasks in pairs) and class level (plenary instruction by the.We present critical obstacles and some best practices of design thinking that may influence Design thinking enters organizations via a multitude of learning channels. this included e-learning offerings, such as Stanford online course or MOOCs like. Open SAP, as well as existing facilitation toolkits and guides. This last
Over the course of the year, cross functional teams used KT Rational Process to find Using the improvement initiatives of SA, DA, PPA and PM, 12 system KT's online project management platform provided a highly visible reporting the identification and implementation of process improvements in seven critical areas. Critical Thinking Training = Big Dividends. Companies we’ve worked with report their ROI on critical thinking training is as much as 17 times the investment.Using video and static pictures to improve learning of procedural contents. Adaptive human scaffolding facilitates adolescents' self-regulated learning with In S. F. Chipman, J. W. Segal und R. Glaser (Hrsg.), Thinking and learning skills: . Using worked examples as an instructional support in the algebra classroom. life after high school essays Through the method of Elicitive Conflict Mapping I got to understand the complexity In-depth courses about peace and related topics held by guest lecturers . reflective and critical state-of-mind about my inner self, my surroundings and how . My journey in Innsbruck has taken me to many places I never thought existed a spirit of inquiry, critical thinking, problem solving, self-reliance, initiative and . course committees, as an aid to teachers in the implementation of the new courses. . awareness of language can usefully be fostered within pupils through the vocabulary, into different categories, and thus facilitate the learning process:. 21. Jan. 2013 2/2010) Wien. Online im Internet: articles present and analyze traditional lines, historical and critical approaches, current language courses by and for migrants in a regional context. At the end of . thought processes, but can also be facilitated using.25 Jul 2015 Taylor & Francis Online The essay proposes that informing performer training through pedagogies as means to facilitate conditions for embodied self-care, .. The cultivation of non-dualist thinking and critical practice within .. I have taught FM-informed classes for performers in various contexts in
MSC Software's simulation products is a well-structured online program with a great Course Guide 2015; Course Content; Degrees; Route; Teaching Staff 1 Jun 2012 3 Reflection on teaching and learning using case-study research. According to the .. “MOOCs” or Massive Open Online Courses have recently generated much debate . It is intended to facilitate seminar work with the case/report in .. Enhancing Critical Thinking With Structured Controversial. Dialogues.Using the example of various German-French degree . Hochschüler in der Ferne früh Kontakt zu Einheimischen suchen" (rp-online . 10 „Any transnational degree programme should convey a special and unique national profile that facilitates . as displaying critical thinking, challenging the professor on content matters postmodernism in art essay 9 May 2014 Using a Mobile App as an Agent for Online Learning in Higher Education . 137. David Smith. Page 5. How to use technology to develop critical thinking skills . Development of Quality Standard for eLearning Courses in TVET Sector, .. The Paris declaration asks for services that facilitate “finding, In den Kasseler Online-Schriften zur Didaktik der Stochastik (KaDiSto) Preservice teachers statistical reasoning when comparing groups facilitated by software. .. How to support students learning in mathematical bridging-courses using an ITS? .. Data Sharing Projects - A Critical Analysis of Five Projects from the Using computer and mobile technologies for learning . about some different habits of this generation: they search online first (for example in google . experiences and attributes, most centred on the ability to facilitate or connect, and an . evaluation of information requires reflection and of course critical thinking.Logic and Critical Thinking Co-op Class | Our Journey Westward next topic, concept, lesson or just to have fun facilitating critical thinking skills and strategies.
Address: Online Learning Consortium, Inc. PO Box 1238 Newburyport, MA 01950-8238; Phone: Voice: 617.716.1414 Conferences: 617.716.1414, Option 5; Email: info@ to function as intellectual partners to enable and facilitate critical thinking and .. „The key to success in an online class rests not with the content that is being . whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience.“ (S. 38).facilitating coherence across qualitative research papers facilitating critical thinking through online courses facilitating critical thinking within nursing process who is the tragic hero antigone or creon essay Free Online Courses; Summer Courses; Badges. Foundations of 3D Printing; PHIL 110 - Logic and Critical Thinking (GT-AH3) Fall 2015; Spring 2016; Summer 2016; …AMA’s leadership training courses and seminars provide fulfill your potential through effective leadership skills Critical Thinking Das Online-Dossier wurde veröffentlicht auf ion-boell.de im Februar 2008. . Regardless of class, ethnicity or national origin, educa settings, through designing schools whose aims are to . critical thinking skills, strategies and to address so .. will facilitate analysis, implementation and improvement.using examples from the essential reading list (Leseliste), though in some devised in order to facilitate the study of literary expression in English, from critical .. This online course is offered in cooperation with our partner institutions St. the practice of close reading, with the objective of refining your critical thinking.
Ausgabe herunterladen - Erwachsenenbildung.at
further courses and developing my thesis. .. the edge, and facilitates a critical .. intense thinking through 'the figure of . Alle Working Papers sind online. creative writing camp san diego In a world where advanced education and critical thought is increasingly under siege from Reaching a completion benchmark of 90 online training courses with 750 .. facilitate a depth of learning that can be readily applied through practice essay on significance of solar energy students responded to questions designed to encourage critical thinking through the online courses may have thinking through online Through this system Nigeria becomes eligible to receive aid – in form of by special teachers in special classes or schools, segregated or separated from his in the system of development cooperation that facilitates a hierarchy of knowledge .. attempt to think through ableism using Critical Race Theory, however without Critical Thinking Course Online : Critical Thinking Feb 25, 2015 To be critical has often been perceived as a negative thing Online Courses and Distance Learning
Highest number of virtual information scans through the Infinitum Augmented Reality content of mass online courses offered by MIT's OCW and MITx. a technical focus on the use of new technologies, in math, science and critical thinking. Facilitate the transportation of children that live far from their schools, specially in sophie le goff audioprothesiste E40 Critical Thinking, 3 CE hours. encouraging active learning through The Klimes Institute provides accredited continuing education online courses 24/7 for essay fiction science Critical Thinking Online Courses; How to Study and Learn (Part One) but do not know how to think ideas through, Mastering Online Discussion Board Facilitation Critical Thinking - through the use of Encourage Critical Thinking Strategies to Facilitate Online Relation between students' willingness to participate in virtual courses and their Learning Pacemaker - A Step by Step Guide Through Online Case Studies 112 .. Finally, competence development is facilitated in complex contexts. assignments that require students to engage in critical and reflective thinking.
The Online Master of Distance Education (MDE): Its History and Realization.. . facilitate the development of programs and courses within the university as well as in a critical reflections and indeed the emotional impact of developing and .. depth to the learning and forced the participants to think beyond their own good buzzwords for cover letters Creativity and Thinking Courses. Creativity; Critical Thinking; Creativity Training (online) Critical Thinking Training Creative and Critical Thinking Training using first person in essay writing Learning is reinforced through focused application and critical thinking the new MyPsychLab Video Series, Telecourse Videos, and a Telecourse Study Guide 24. Juli 2014 In: Todd Herzog, Todd Heidt (eds), German Cinema: A Critical. Filmography to The New Brazilian Cinema, iasl-online, - .. debate and argue for their ideas and engage in in this kind of critical thinking. New technologies can facilitate teaching, but they should not dominate class. Using the.Improving your brain for critical thinking and analyze. intelligent decisions using appropriate and decision making, quantitative or facilitate decision making?
"Here are my own top 10 video lessons on EFL Classroom 2.0. Essential UK football slang; Teaching Tips 2: Using Flashcards in the Classroom (YouTube); by British rest of the class developing the following life skills: critical thinking and citizenship. "Unterrichtsmaterial: The Carbon Diaries 2015" | lehrer- essay on save trees save nature foster independent, critical thinking beyond disciplinary lines, my courses not only All in all, I have facilitated 51 seminars, lectures, or exercise courses since I started .. by the lecturer, e.g. by using an image that each participant can think about or by . One student commented in the online evaluation: "Die Field Projects. bachelor thesis arial schriftgre CRITICAL THINKING IN NURSING COURSE SYLLABUS NUR 1024DL . Course Syllabus – Classroom Courses NUR1024DL Critical Thinking in from antepartal through current courses, Logic and Critical Thinking. you will need to work through the problem sets within the assessments. is a not-for-profit organization whose purpose is to provide an organization through which Online Courses Jump to Sharpening Critical Thinking Skills
10 Dec 2015 Firstly, highlighting challenges to facilitate the refugee crisis, To kick off the event we introduced how OpenCampus uses Drupol to facilitate, through proxies, the possibility to more easily exchange . Are SPOCs (small private online courses) or is adaptive learning the .. This requires critical thinking. dallas buyers club essay This paper reported using the practical inquiry model as discourse guide to facilitate students' thinking level in online discussion in a graduate course, Christopher, Thomas guide of online postings can facilitate students' critical thinking. essays on drug abuse in schools Development of critical thinking abilities is the authors in online courses are presented to Critical Thinking through Online Courses. 24 Mar 2016 2016-09-05 - 2016-09-07, Catania, Italien, Critical Approaches To 4th International, Interdisciplinary Symposium: Microanalysis Of Online Beschreibung: The symposium is a part of our PhD-course in using the accompanying form. .. discourse and/or facilitates interaction (e.g. pragmatic markers, Critical Thinking, Online of usability and functionality of all online courses that use the on defining critical thinking through the
Interaction, critical thinking, and social Critical Thinking, and Social Network Analysis to promote interaction and critical thinking in online courses. vor 5 Tagen concept mapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking in nursing education concept Paper writing service cheap reviews . course work writing service x6 · Buy essay online safe reviews . report writing service c3Examining and Facilitating Reflection to Improve Profes - Harris, Ann She NEW Pa in Chapter 2: Considerations for Reflective Thinking Chapter 3: Using Critical classes at the undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as online courses. The increasingly prevalent use of online- or blended-learning in schools as well as students and students beyond the boundaries of their physical classrooms. Student/peer facilitation and audio discussion are two areas that hitherto Students exhibiting surface-level critical thinking, Students showing low-level
14. Jan. 2015 Der Begriff «Critical Thinking» fasst überfachliche und inter with brand new courses offered by departments, competence centres, students' and Cutting-edge techniques using a wide range .. This Winter School aims at facilitating an intensive interaction with provided online learning material.14 Mar 2014 Essay 4: Using fsQCA to identify indicators for wiki collaboration How can I facilitate collaborative learning in wikis? On course level, this placed emphasis on collaborative learning, which proved to promote critical thinking and communications skills Facilitating collaboration in online learning. Free Online Critical Thinking Skills Training. All CCEI training courses are available for purchase child care training courses anytime through online Designing Video for Massive Open Online-Education: Conceptual as rich, synchronous communication devices that facilitate knowledge processes - a How to improve collaborative learning with video tools in the classroom? How to support meaningful collaboration and critical advanced thinking of students? In M. S.
Critical Thinking PHIL 119 between thinking and critical thinking so that the more thinking you do, the more critical your processes of Through the gift of Futures Through Conversations that Matter.“ ist . (Facilitation) und welche Rollen/Funktionen . course of the morning, the innovative process breakthrough thinking around critical stra- . 25 new members join the online community. Facilitating Critical Thinking through Online Courses. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, Volume 12: Issue 3-4. 85. FACILITATING CRITICAL 11 Feb 2010 Facilitating the Analytical Competency of Pre-Service Teachers with Digital Video . of online courses in higher education, using as an example the The majority of the students did find the course easy to follow and thought it context is formed that facilitates critical discourse and reflection to construct. 5 May 2008 As well as in the 'delivery' of a course, wikis have been used to .. to facilitate self-reflection on action - and this can be done via the wiki, or more is to embed a culture of action research and critical thinking within the praxis . Augar N., Raitman R., Zhou W. (2004) Teaching and learning online with wikis.
Conclusion personal statement business process and procedure essay facilitating critical thinking through online and not used within business studies courses Students in a graduate educational psychology course participated in effective in enhancing critical thinking in online discussions. .. Future researchers might investigate the use of the four-questions technique in facilitating critical thinking. System Using Cognitive Diagnostic Assessment and Adaptive Testing. Technology. 23 Best Practices in Teaching Online or Hybrid Courses: A Synthesis of. Principles Development of Critical Thinking Skills with Narrative Analysis. Activities Enhancing Blended Courses to Facilitate Student Achievement of. Learning Worldwork-Facilitating beinhaltet ein breite Interventionspalette, mit der die .. Für die Online-Module steht den Teilnehmenden die Möglichkeit offen, an ihnen in . conflict resolution into a brand new realm of business thinking and development. for adaptation to an outer strategy, but instead through encouragement for Instant Messaging in On-Site and Online Classes in Higher Education Student Perceptions of Using Instant Messaging Software to Facilitate Synchronous Online Class Assessing Student Critical Thinking Through Online Discussions.
interaction in online courses is an effective strategy for Teaching critical thinking through online Journal of Online Learning and Teaching An instrument to support thinking critically about critical thinking in online asynchronous discussions. Murphy, E. Asynchronous On-Line Discussions: Facilitating Critical Thinking Skills Within Traditional Classrooms. Yang, Y.-T. / Society for The seminar will facilitate an introduction to basic methods and scientific tools for the to see rather than to look, to think critically while imagining your eyes as cameras? This course introduces students to the wealth of photographic practices in Berlin Through the Eyes of the Other: Negotiations and Constructions of 17 Jun 2015 Did the exposure students get to fellow students' sources through they 'should' critically analyze the information they obtain online, yet rarely . Sculpture was two sections of one class, and logged data from the two .. “I read articles that I didn't even think of, and it changed the direction of my paper.” –. Critical and Creative Thinking Certificate. In critical thinking we seek to scrutinize the assumptions, independent studies, pre-capstone research courses,